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Open Access Scaffold-Free Cell Pellet Transplantations Can Be Applied to Periodontal Regeneration

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Cell transplantation has emerged as a novel therapeutic strategy for periodontitis, and the adoption of cell pellet offers advantages by secreting abundant extracellular matrix (ECM) and eliminating the adverse effect of cell carriers. This study aimed to fabricate scaffold-free periodontal ligament stem cell (PDLSC) pellets (MUCPs) and to evaluate their regeneration potential. We constructed monolayer cell pellets (MCPs) by fabricating and culturing multilayered cell sheets (MUCS) and constructed MUCPs from the MUCS. Immunochemistry, scanning electron microscope, real-time PCR, and Western blot analysis showed higher levels of COL-I, COL-III, fibronectin, and laminin in the MUCPs. Furthermore, the massive increase in ECM secretion improved cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation. Finally, upon transplantation into the omentum sac and periodontal defects, all the transplants formed regular aligned cementum/PDL-like complex, but the mineral deposit and fiber alignment were more obvious in the MUCPs than in the MCPs. Altogether, our results suggest that MUCPs may be a promising alternative to periodontal repair for future clinical application.
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Keywords: Cell pellet; Extracellular matrix (ECM); Microenvironment; Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs); Periodontal regeneration

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2014-02-14

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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