Open Access Quality of Isolated Pig Islets Is Improved Using Perfluorohexyloctane for Pancreas Storage in a Split Lobe Model

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Abstract:

Pancreas transportation between donor center and islet production facility is frequently associated with prolonged ischemia impairing islet isolation and transplantation outcomes. It is foreseeable that shipment of pig pancreases from distant centralized biosecure breeding facilities to institutes that have a long-term experience in porcine islet isolation is essentially required in future clinical islet xenotransplantation. Previously, we demonstrated that perfluorohexyloctan (F6H8) is significantly more efficient to protect rat and human pancreata from ischemically induced damage compared to perfluorodecalin (PFD). To evaluate the effect of F6H8 on long-term stored pig pancreases in a prospective study, we utilized the split lobe model to minimize donor variability. Retrieved pancreases were dissected into the connecting and splenic lobe, intraductally flushed with UW solution and immersed alternately in either preoxygenated F6H8 or PFD for 8‐10 h. Prior to pancreas digestion, the intrapancreatic pO2 and the ratio of ATP-to-inorganic phosphate was compared utilizing 31P-NMR spectroscopy. Isolated islets were cultured for 2‐3 days at 37°C and subjected to quality assessment. Pancreatic lobes stored in preoxygenated F6H8 had a significantly higher intrapancreatic pO2 compared to pancreata in oxygen-precharged PFD (10.11±3.87 vs. 1.64±1.13 mmHg, p<0.05). This correlated with a higher ATP-to-inorganic phosphate ratio (0.30±0.04 vs. 0.14±0.01). No effect was observed concerning yield and purity of freshly isolated islets. Nevertheless, a significantly improved glucose-stimulated insulin response, increased viability and postculture survival (57.2±5.7 vs. 39.3±6.4%, p<0.01) was measured in islets isolated from F6H8-preserved pancreata. The present data suggest that F6H8 does not increase islet yield but improves quality of pig islets isolated after prolonged cold ischemia.

Keywords: Cold storage; Islet isolation; Organ preservation; Oxygenation; Pig pancreas

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368912X657639

Publication date: August 9, 2013

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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