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Open Access PET Imaging of Serotonin Transporters With 4-[18F]-ADAM in a Parkinsonian Rat Model

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This study was undertaken to address the effects of fetal mesencephalic tissue transplantation on the serotonin system in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease (PD) while also investigating the usefulness of 4-[18F]-ADAM (a serotonin transporter imaging agent) coupled with micro-PET for imaging serotonin transporters (SERTs). A PD model was induced by unilateral injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the right medial forebrain bundle of the nigrostriatal pathway, while cell transplantation was performed via intrastriatal injection of mesencephalic brain tissue dissected from embryonic (E14) rats. The 4-[18F]-ADAM/micro-PET scanning was performed following both 6-OHDA lesioning and transplantation. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies were also performed following the final PET scan, and the results were compared to show a 17‐43% decrease in the specific uptake ratio (SUR) and a 23‐52% decrease in serotonin transporter immunoreactivity (SERT-ir) within various brain regions on the lesioned side. The number of methamphetamine-induced rotations also decreased significantly at the 4th week postgraft. In addition, striatal SUR and the SERT-ir levels were restored to 77% and 83% 5 weeks postgraft. These results suggest that Parkinson’s disease also affects the serotonergic system, while both the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems can be partially restored in a rat model of PD after E14 mesencephalic tissue transplantation. In addition, we have also determined that 4-[18F]-ADAM/micro-PET can be used to detect serotonergic neuron loss, monitor the progress of Parkinson’s disease, and oversee the effectiveness of therapy.

Keywords: 4-[18F]-ADAM; Mesencephalic tissue; Parkinson’s disease (PD); Rat model; Serotonin transporter (SERT)

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

Publication date: July 15, 2013

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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