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Open Access Evaluation of a Xeno-Free Protocol for Long-Term Cryopreservation of Cord Blood Cells

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Abstract:

Cord blood is regarded as a powerful source for adult stem cells. Cord blood transplants have been used successfully to treat children and adults in autologous and allogeneic settings. Nevertheless, in many cases, the clinically relevant cell number (CD34+ cells and total leukocytes) is a limiting factor. To enable standardized cell banking and future in vitro expansion of adult stem/progenitor cells, elimination of serum, which inevitably differs from lot to lot and donor to donor, is highly desirable. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of a xeno-free, chemically defined cryopreservation procedure for cord blood-derived cells over a period of 1 year. Cell recoveries with respect to retrieval of clinically relevant CD34+ cells, colony-forming units, and in vitro cultures of erythroid progenitor cells under standardized conditions were analyzed after 1 week or 1 year of cryopreservation and found to be very high and similar to the samples before freezing. The established xeno-free procedure is an important step toward using the full potential of adult stem cells from cord blood, enabling the elimination of serum-derived factors negatively influencing proliferation, differentiation, and survival of hematopoietic stem cells.

Keywords: Cord blood; Erythroid progenitor cells (EPCs); Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells; Optimization of cryopreservation; Xeno-free cryomedium

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368912X657396

Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Publication date: 2013-06-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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