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Open Access Effects of Storage Solutions on the Viability of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Transplantation

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Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) transplantation has shown promise for the treatment of various diseases. For clinical applications, UC-MSCs have been stored in 0.9% saline, 5% dextrose, dextrose and sodium chloride injection, Plasma-Lyte A, 1% human serum albumin (1% HSA), or 5% HSA before administration, but the effect of storage conditions on the viability and biological function of the cells remains unknown. Freshly harvested UC-MSCs were resuspended and incubated in these solutions for 2, 4, or 6 h at 4°C or room temperature (24°C). Cell viability, apoptotic/necrotic fraction, poststorage growth potential, immunophenotype, immunosuppressive capacity, and differentiation capacity were analyzed. When stored in parenteral solutions, UC-MSCs showed progressive deterioration in survival viability and adhesion ability. After 6-h storage, the best viability and attachment rate of UC-MSCs decreased to 83.0±1.6% and 71.8±3.2%, respectively. Our results suggested that UC-MSCs in these conditions lose their viability in a short time. However, it seems that the other biological functions of the surviving UC-MSCs were little affected. Since UC-MSCs suspended in these mediums lose their survival viability in a short time to levels significantly below the permissible limits (70%) by FDA, precautions need to be taken on using these solutions as suspension medium and further studies on the optimal methods for preservation are urgent.

Keywords: Cell survival; Effect; Storage solutions; Transplantation; Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Clinical Medical College, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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