Neuroprotective Effect of Human Placenta-Derived Cell Treatment of Stroke in Rats
Abstract:Human placenta-derived adherent (PDA001) cells are mesenchymal-like stem cells isolated from postpartum human placenta. In this study, we tested whether intravenously infused PDA001 improves neurological functional recovery after stroke in rats. In addition, potential mechanisms underlying the PDA001-induced neuroprotective effect were investigated. Young adult male rats (2‐3 months) were subjected to 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) and treated with PDA001 (4×106) or vehicle controls [dextran vehicle or phosphate buffer saline (PBS)] via intravenous (IV) administration initiated at 4 h after MCAo. A battery of functional tests and measurements of lesion volume and apoptotic cells were performed. Immunostaining and ELISA assays for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were performed in the ischemic brain to test the potential mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of PDA001 cell treatment of stroke. PDA001 cell treatment at 4 h poststroke significantly improved functional outcome and significantly decreased lesion volume, TUNEL, and cleaved caspase 3-positive cell number in the ischemic brain, compared to MCAo-vehicle and MCAo-PBS control. Treatment of stroke with PDA001 cells also significantly increased HGF and VEGF expression in the ischemic border zone (IBZ) compared to controls. Using ELISA assays, treatment of stroke with PDA001 cells significantly increased VEGF, HGF, and BDNF levels in the ischemic brain compared to controls. Conclusion: When administered intravenously at 4 h after MCAo, PDA001 cells promoted neuroprotective effects. These effects induced by PDA001 cell treatment may be related to the increase of VEGF, HGF, and BDNF expression, and a decrease of apoptosis. PDA001 cells may provide a viable cell source to treat stroke.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA
Publication date: May 1, 2013
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