Open Access Aberrant Alternative Splicing Events in Parkinson's Disease

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Abstract:

Alternative splicing (AS) using a sole gene to express multiple transcripts with diverse protein coding sequences and/or RNA regulatory elements raises genomic complexities. In the nervous system, several thousand AS events play important roles in ion transportation, receptor recognition, neurotransmission, memory, and learning. Not surprisingly, AS influences human physiology, development, and disease. Many research studies have focused on aberrant AS in nervous system diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system. PD affects the lives of several million people globally. It is caused by protein aggregation, such as in Lewy bodies, and the loss of dopaminecontaining neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. To our knowledge, six genes, including PARK2, SNCAIP, LRRK2, SNCA, SRRM2, and MAPT, are involved in aberrant AS events in PD patients. In this review, we highlight the relevance of aberrant AS in PD and discuss the use of an aberrant AS profile as a potential diagnostic or prognostic marker for PD and as a possible means of applying therapy.

Keywords: Alternative splicing (AS); Cis-regulatory elements; Parkinson's disease (PD); Trans-acting splicing factors

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368912X655154

Affiliations: Center for Neuropsychiatry, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC

Publication date: April 1, 2013

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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