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Open Access Low Serum Cultured Adipose Tissue-Derived Stromal Cells Ameliorate Acute Kidney Injury in Rats

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Abstract:

Current studies suggest that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) improve acute kidney injury (AKI) via paracrine/endocrine effects. We established human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (hASCs) cultured in low (2%) serum (hLASCs), which have great potential of tissue regeneration. The present study was performed to investigate the therapeutic effects of hLASCs on AKI and to clarify the mechanisms involved. In low serum, hASCs proliferated well, while human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hBMSCs) did not. hLASCs secreted higher levels of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) than did hASCs cultured in high (20%) serum (hHASCs) or hBMSCs cultured in high serum (hHBMSCs). AKI was induced in nude rats by folic acid, and hLASCs, hHASCs or control medium were administered into the renal subcapsules. hLASCs significantly attenuated acute renal damage, while hHASCs showed far less effect. Furthermore, interstitial fibrosis observed on day 14 was less pronounced in the hLASCs group. Cell tracking experiment showed no evidence of transdifferentiation. Intravenous injection of hLASCs or hHBMSCs or subcapsular injection of hHBMSCs did not ameliorate AKI. Concerning the mechanisms, our in vivo experiments showed that HGF knockdown by siRNA impaired the ability of hLASCs to protect the kidney from acute injury whereas VEGF knockdown did not. In conclusion, hLASCs, but not hHASCs or hHBMSCs, ameliorated AKI via paracrine effects, and HGF is one of the key mediators.

Keywords: Acute renal failure; Cell transfer; Interstitial fibrosis; Stem cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368912X655019

Affiliations: Department of Nephrology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan

Publication date: 2013-02-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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