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Open Access ZNF281 Knockdown Induced Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Multipotent Stem Cells In Vivo and In Vitro

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Abstract:

ZNF281 is one of the core transcription factors in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and has activation and repression roles in the transcription of ESC genes. A known target molecule of Zfp281 (the mouse homologue of ZNF281) is Nanog. However, NANOG is not expressed in most human multipotent stem cells (hMSCs). Here, we investigated the roles of ZNF281 with a gain- and loss-of-function study. The knockdown of ZNF281 in vivo and in vitro resulted in spontaneous osteochondrogenic differentiation and reduced the proliferation of hMSCs, as determined by cell morphology and molecular markers. When ZNF281-knockdown hMSCs were subcutaneously implanted into mice along with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), many cells were converted into osteoblasts within 4 weeks. In contrast, the overexpression of ZNF281 in hMSCs resulted in accelerated proliferation. The expression pattern of ZNF281 correlated well with the expression of β-CATENIN during differentiation and in the gain/loss-of-function study in hMSCs. The binding of ZNF281 to the promoter region of β-CATENIN was observed using a chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. In conclusion, we propose that ZNF281 plays an important role in the maintenance and osteogenic differentiation of stem cells via the transcriptional regulation of genes including β-CATENIN.

Keywords: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC); Multipotency; Osteogenesis; WNT; Zinc finger protein (ZNF281); β-CATENIN

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368912X654948

Affiliations: Adult Stem Cell Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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