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Open Access Cryopreservation of Human Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem/Progenitor Cells Using the Silk Protein Sericin

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Adipose tissue-derived stem/progenitor cells (ASCs) have attracted attention as a cell source that replaces marrow stromal cells (MSCs); ASCs may thus have applications in both regenerative medicine and cell transplantation. These medical treatments, however, require a high-quality supply of human ASCs. Therefore, the cryopreservation methods have been improved by changing a component of a cryopreservation medium. Sericin, a protein hydrolysate (with an average molecular weight of 30 kDa) is very rich in serine. The viability and the adipogenic/osteogenic potential of human ASCs were tested after freezing in a cryopreservation medium containing sericin. After thawing, the viability of the human ASCs frozen in the cryopreservation medium was found to be more than 95%. The proliferation rate of human ASCs frozen in CELLBANKER 2, and DMEM/Ham's F-12 medium (serum free) + 10% DMSO, 0.1 mol/L maltose, and 1% sericin was higher than that of the cells frozen in the maintenance medium + 10% DMSO. The adipogenic/osteogenic differentiation capabilities of frozen human ASCs were examined by Oil Red O staining/Von Kossa's method. The human ASCs were frozen using CELLBANKER 2, and DMEM/Ham's F-12 medium (serum free) + 10% DMSO, 0.1 mol/L maltose, and 1% sericin were positive. In conclusion, the cryopreservation medium containing sericin is therefore considered to have a beneficial effect on freezing human ASCs. This serum-free cryopreservation medium should be widely used in regenerative medicine, cell transplantation, and biological research.

Keywords: Adipogenic/osteogenic potential; Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs); Cryopreservation; Refreezing; Sericin

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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