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Open Access Results of Islet Isolation and Their Relationship to the Clinical Outcome of Kidney Transplantation in Cases Where Both Grafts Are Harvested From the Same Non-Heart-Beating Donor

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Grafts from non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) are used because of the limited availability of heart-beating brain-dead donors. These grafts sustain ischemic damage, and the severity of this damage varies among different areas of an organ. This study determined whether the results of islet isolation were correlated with the clinical outcomes of kidney transplantations in cases where both grafts were harvested from the same NHBD. Islets we isolated from the pancreata of 23 NHBDs between February 2004 and March 2007. Forty-six kidneys were also harvested from these NHBDs. The recipients of kidney transplants were divided into the successful isolation (n = 14) and failed isolation (n = 32) groups depending on the results of islet isolation. The clinical outcomes of kidney transplantation were compared between the recipients in these two groups. The immediate graft function rate and the 1-year graft survival rate after kidney transplantation in both groups were similar. Hemodialysis after transplantation was required for 6.0 days (SD, 5.2 days) in the successful isolation group and for 12.7 days (13.1 days) in the failed isolation group (p < 0.05). The serum creatinine concentrations at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after transplantation were elevated in the failed isolation group (p < 0.05). The islet yield was inversely correlated with the requirement of hemodialysis (days) and the serum creatinine level at 1 month after transplantation. However, hemodialysis was required for only 7 days in the recipients of six kidneys that were obtained from NHBDs from whom <40,000 IEQ were obtained (extreme failure of islet isolation). The results of islet isolation were found to correlate with the kidney function after transplantation when both grafts are harvested from the same NHBD. However, the marginal conditions of NHBDs affect the results of islet isolation more than they do the posttransplantation kidney function.

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Keywords: Correlation; Islet isolation; Kidney transplantation; Non-heart-beating donor

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Chiba-East National Hospital, Chiba City, Japan

Publication date: 2012-02-01

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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