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Open Access Fresh Islets Are More Effective for Islet Transplantation Than Cultured Islets

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Abstract:

For clinical islet transplantation, isolated islets deteriorate rapidly in culture, although culturing islets prior to transplantation provides flexibility for evaluation of isolated islets and pretreatment of patients. In the present study, we compared human fresh islets to cultured islets with in vitro and in vivo assays. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 h, islet yield significantly decreased from 2,000 to 1,738 ± 26 (13% loss), 1,525 ± 30 (24% loss), or 1,298 ± 18 IEQ (35% loss), respectively. The ATP contents were significantly higher in the 6-h cultured group (near fresh group) than in 48-h culture groups. The stimulation index was relatively higher in the 6-h cultured group than in 48-h cultured group. Human islets with or without culture were transplanted into diabetic nude mice. The attainability of posttransplantation normoglycemia was significantly higher in fresh group than in the culture groups. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance testing (IPGTT) showed that the blood glucose levels of mice transplanted with fresh islets were significantly lower than with cultured islets at 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after injection. These data suggest that human islet transplantation without culture could avoid the deterioration of islets during culture and improve the outcome of islet transplantation. Based on these data, we have transplanted fresh islets without culture for our current clinical islet transplantation protocol.

Keywords: Culture; Cultured islets; Fresh islets; Islet transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368911X605439

Affiliations: Baylor All Saints Medical Center, Baylor Research Institute, Fort Worth, TX, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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