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Open Access Comparison of Ulinastatin, Gabexate Mesilate, and Nafamostat Mesilate in Preservation Solution for Islet Isolation

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For islet transplantation, maintaining organ viability after pancreas procurement is critically important for optimal graft function and survival. We recently reported that islet yield was significantly higher in the modified ET-Kyoto (MK) solution, which includes a trypsin inhibitor (ulinastatin), compared with the UW solution, and that the advantages of MK solution are trypsin inhibition and less collagenase inhibition. In this study, we compared ulinastatin with other trypsin inhibitors, gabexate mesilate, and nafamostat mesilate, in preservation solution for islet isolation. Ulinastatin was easily dissolved in ET-Kyoto solution, while ET-Kyoto with gabexate mesilate and nafamostat mesilate became cloudy immediately after addition. Although there were no significant differences in islet yield among the three groups, viability was significantly higher for the MK group than for the GK group or the NK group. The stimulation index was significantly higher for the MK group than for the GK group. In summary, there are no other trypsin inhibitors that are more effective than ulinastatin. Based on these data, we now use ET-Kyoto solution with ulinastatin for clinical islet transplantation.

Keywords: Islet isolation; Islet transplantation; Modified ET-Kyoto (MK) solution; Preservation solution; Trypsin inhibitor

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Baylor All Saints Medical Center, Baylor Research Institute, Fort Worth, TX, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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