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Open Access Islet Purification Method Using Large Bottles Effectively Achieves High Islet Yield From Pig Pancreas

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Abstract:

Porcine islets are a promising resource for xenotransplantation. However, low efficacy of islet isolation because of their marked fragility remains a problem. Recently we found that the standard purification method using COBE 2991 cell processor (COBE) with Ficoll density gradient solution damaged islets mechanically by high shearing force. In this study, we evaluated our new purification method using large plastic bottles for the efficacy of islet purification. Ten porcine pancreata were used. The average warm ischemic time was over 40 min; therefore, these pancreata were considered to be in a marginal condition. After digestion, the digested tissue was divided into three groups. Each group was purified using either top loading method with bottle (top group) or bottom loading method with bottle (bottom group) or standard COBE method (COBE group). Islet yield per pancreas weight (IEQ/g) and the rate of postpurification recovery in the top group were significantly higher than the COBE group (top: 8060 ± 1652 IEQ/g, bottom: 4572 ± 614 IE/g, COBE: 3900 ± 734 IE/g. p < 0.02 in top vs. COBE; top percentage of recovery: 99.3 ± 12.3%, bottom: 62.6 ± 8.8%, COBE: 49.5 ± 6.7%, p < 0.02 in top vs. bottom and COBE). The average sizes of purified islets in the top and bottom groups were significantly larger than COBE group (Average diameter top: 156 ± 8 μm, bottom: 147 ± 6 μm, COBE: 119 ± 6 μm, p < 0.01 in top vs. COBE and in bottom vs. COBE), which indicated that bottle method can reduce shear force during purification. Our new purification using top loading bottle method enabled us to obtain a high yield of porcine islets from marginal pancreata.

Keywords: Islet purification; Islet transplantation; Porcine islets; Xenotransplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368911X605411

Affiliations: Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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