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Open Access Evaluation of Osmolality of Density Gradient for Human Islet Purification

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Abstract:

For pancreatic islet transplantation, the most common method of islet purification is density gradient centrifugation because of the differences in density between islets and acinar tissue. The density of islets/acinar tissue depends on several conditions, such as osmolality of purification solution. In this study, we evaluated the osmolality of iodixanol-controlled density gradients (400, 450, and 500 mOsm/kg) on the islet purification step. The density of the purification solutions was controlled by changing the volumetric ratio of iodixanol and the purification solutions (iodixanol-Kyoto solutions; IK solutions). The osmolality of density gradients was controlled by addition of 10× Hanks balanced salt solution (HBSS) solution. Density of both islets and acinar tissue increased relative to increase of the osmolality of purification solutions. There were no significant differences among the three groups on islet yield after density-adjusted purification and the rate of postpurification recovery. In vitro and in vivo assays suggest that the quality of islets was similar among the three groups. Our data suggest that efficacy of purification and quality of isolated islets is similar when the osmolality of purification solutions is between 400 and 500 mOsm/kg and density adjustment is applied. Since the density of islet and acinar tissue is changed according to osmolality, the density adjustment is important when using several osmolality solutions.

Keywords: Iodixanol-Kyoto (IK) solution; Islet isolation; Islet transplantation; Osmolality; Purification

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368911X605402

Affiliations: Baylor All Saints Medical Center, Baylor Research Institute, Fort Worth, TX, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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