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Open Access Allogeneic Adipose-Derived Stem Cells With Low Immunogenicity Constructing Tissue-Engineered Bone for Repairing Bone Defects in Pigs

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Abstract:

The ideal cells for tissue engineering should have the following characteristics: easy obtainment, safety, immune privilege, the capability of self-renewal, and multipotency. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are a promising candidate. However, the immunogenicity of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells limits their long-term benefits. In this study, we introduced human cytomegalovirus US2/US3 gene into the ADSCs to decrease the expression of MHC I protein of ADSCs and reduce the activation of T-cells of the recipient animals. Moreover, the biosafety and biological characteristics of ADSCs transfected with the US2/US3 genes (ADSCs-US2/US3) were similar to normal ADSCs. Then we took ADSCs-US2/US3 to construct a tissue-engineered bone for repairing bone defects in pigs and found that there were no great differences in repair effects or healing time between the allogeneic ADSCs-US2/US3 group and the autologous ADSC group. These results suggest that allogeneic ADSCs-US2/US3 have the advantages of biological safety, low immunogenicity, and effective osteogenesis. Such barely immunogenic ADSCs will be crucial for the success of future tissue-regenerative approaches.

Keywords: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs); Immune escape; Repair of bone defects; Tissue engineering; US2 and US3 genes

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368912X654966

Publication date: 2012-12-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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