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Open Access Local Transplantation of Ex Vivo Expanded Bone Marrow-Derived CD34-Positive Cells Accelerates Fracture Healing

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Transplantation of bone marrow (BM) CD34+ cells, an endothelial/hematopoietic progenitor-enriched cell population, has shown therapeutic efficiency in the treatment of ischemic diseases enhancing neovascularization. However, the number of CD34+ cells obtained from bone marrow is not sufficient for routine clinical application. To overcome this issue, we developed a more efficient and clinically applicable CD34+ cell expansion method. Seven-day ex vivo expansion culture of BM CD34+ cells with a cocktail of five growth factors containing VEGF, SCF, IL-6, Flt-3 ligand, and TPO resulted in reproducible more than 20-fold increase in cell number. The favorable effect of the local transplantation of culture expanded (cEx)-BM CD34+ cells on rat unhealing fractures was equivalent or higher than that of nonexpanded (fresh) BM CD34+ cells exhibiting sufficient therapeutic outcome with frequent vasculogenic/osteogenic differentiation of transplanted cEx-BM CD34+ cells and fresh BM CD34+ cells as well as intrinsic enhancement of angiogenesis/osteogenesis at the treated fracture sites. Specifically, cEx-BM CD34+ cell treatment demonstrated the best blood flow recovery at fracture sites compared with the nonexpanded BM CD34+ cells. In vitro, cEx-BM CD34+ cells showed higher colony/tube-forming capacity than nonexpanded BM CD34+ cells. Both cells demonstrated differentiation potential into osteoblasts. Since fresh BM CD34+ cells can be easily collected from fracture sites at the time of primary operation and stored for future use, autologous cEx-BM CD34+ cell transplantation would be not only a simple but also a promising therapeutic strategy for unhealing fractures in the field of orthopedic trauma surgery.
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Keywords: Angiogenesis; Expansion; Fracture healing; Osteogenesis; Stem/progenitor cell

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-12-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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