Effects of Donor Characteristics and Ex Vivo Expansion on Canine Mesenchymal Stem Cell Properties: Implications for MSC-Based Therapies
Authors: Volk, Susan W.; Wang, Yanjian; Hankenson, Kurt D.
Source: Cell Transplantation, Volume 21, Number 10, 2012 , pp. 2189-2200(12)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
Abstract:Clinical trials utilizing bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC) therapies show promise for treating a variety of pathologic conditions. Paramount to optimization of such cell-based therapies is a thorough understanding of MSC biology. Despite the tremendous potential that exists for the clinical use of canine BM-MSCs in veterinary medicine, as well as in preclinical studies for human medicine, relatively little information exists regarding basic biological properties of the cells. In this study, we compared the importance of donor characteristics (age and harvest site) and ex vivo expansion on canine BM-MSC frequency (CFU-f) and differentiation potential. Advancing age was found to have a negative effect on CFU-f as well as osteogenic potential. Site of harvest was also found to have significant effects on MSC properties. MSCs obtained from the humerus were found at the lowest frequency and were least osteogenic compared to those harvested from the tibia, femur, and ilium. Osteogenic potential diminished significantly by the third passage. These results suggest important donor parameters and culture effects to consider in translational studies examining MSC-based regenerative medical strategies.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Publication date: 2012-10-01
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.