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Open Access Concentration and Chain Length of Polyethylene Glycol in Islet Isolation Solution: Evaluation in a Pancreatic Islet Transplantation Model

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Abstract:

To improve graft preservation and consequently reduce conservation injuries, the composition of preservation solution is of outmost importance. It was demonstrated that the colloid polyethylene glycol (PEG), used in SCOT solution, has protective effects on cell membranes and immunocamouflage properties. The aim of this study was to optimize the concentration and chain length of PEG to improve pancreatic islet preservation and outcome. In a model of murine islet allotransplantation, islets were isolated with SCOT containing various concentrations of PEG 20 kDa or 35 kDa. Better islet yield (IEQ) was obtained with SCOT + PEG at 15‐30 g/L versus other PEG concentrations and control CMRL-1066 + 1% BSA solution (p < 0.05). Allograft survival was better prolonged (up to 20 days) in the groups SCOT + PEG 20 kDa 10‐30 g/L compared to PEG 35 kDa (less than 17.8 days) and to control solutions (less than 17.5 days). In terms of graft function recovery, the use of PEG 20 kDa 15‐30 g/L induced no primary nonfunction and delayed graft function contrary to CMRL-1066 and other PEG solutions. The use of the extracellular-type solution SCOT containing PEG 20 kDa 15 g/L as colloid could be a new way to optimize graft integrity preservation and allograft outcome.

Keywords: Graft outcome; Graft preservation; Ischemia reperfusion injury; Polyethelene glycol (PEG); Preservation solution

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368912X638928

Publication date: 2012-09-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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