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Open Access Alginate Scaffolds for Mesenchymal Stem Cell Cardiac Therapy: Influence of Alginate Composition

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Abstract:

Despite the success of alginate scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy in cardiac failure treatment, the impact of the physicochemical environment provided by alginate matrices on cell behavior has never been investigated. The purpose of this work was double: to determine the alginate composition influence on (1) encapsulated rat MSC viability, paracrine activity, and phenotype in vitro and (2) cardiac implantability and in vivo biocompatibility of patch shape scaffolds. Two alginates, differing in composition and thus presenting different mechanical properties when hydrogels, were characterized. In both cases, encapsulated MSC viability was maintained at around 75%, and their secretion characteristics were retained 28 days postencapsulation. In vivo study revealed a high cardiac compatibility of the tested alginates: cardiac parameters were maintained, and rats did not present any sign of infection. Moreover, explanted hydrogels appeared surrounded by a vascularized tissue. However, scaffold implantability was highly dependent on alginate composition. G-type alginate patches, presenting higher elastic and Young moduli than M-type alginate patches, showed a better implantation easiness and were the only ones that maintained their shape and morphology in vivo. As a consequence of alginate chemical composition and resulting hydrogel structuration, G-type alginate hydrogels appear to be more adapted for cardiac implantation.

Keywords: Alginate; Biomimetic materials; Cell encapsulation; Heart; Mesenchymal stem cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368912X647252

Publication date: September 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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