Evaluation of Intracellular Labeling With Micron-Sized Particles of Iron Oxide (MPIOs) as a General Tool for In Vitro and In Vivo Tracking of Human Stem and Progenitor Cells
Abstract:Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based tracking is increasingly attracting attention as a means of better understanding stem cell dynamics in vivo. Intracellular labeling with micrometer-sized particles of iron oxide (MPIOs) provides a practical MRI-based approach due to superior detectability relative to smaller iron oxide particles. However, insufficient information is available about the general utility across cell types and the effects on cell vitality of MPIO labeling of human stem cells. We labeled six human cell types from different sources: mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow (MSCs), mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (ASCs), presumptive adult neural stem cells (ad-NSCs), fetal neural progenitor cells (f-NPCs), a glioma cell line (U87), and glioblastoma tumor stem cells (GSCs), with two different sizes of MPIOs (0.9 and 2.84 µm). Labeling and uptake efficiencies were highly variable among cell types. Several parameters of general cell function were tested in vitro. Only minor differences were found between labeled and unlabeled cells with respect to proliferation rate, mitotic duration, random motility, and capacity for differentiation to specific phenotypes. In vivo behavior was tested in chicken embryos and severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. Postmortem histology showed that labeled cells survived and could integrate into various tissues. MRI-based tracking over several weeks in the SCID mice showed that labeled GSCs and f-NPCs injected into the brain exhibited translocations similar to those seen for unlabeled cells and as expected from migratory behavior described in previous studies. The results support MPIO-based cell tracking as a generally useful tool for studies of human stem cell dynamics in vivo.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-08-01
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