Open Access Platelet-Mediated Mesenchymal Stem Cells Homing to the Lung Reduces Monocrotaline-Induced Rat Pulmonary Hypertension

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Abstract:

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC) transplantation has been suggested to be a promising method for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a fatal disease currently without effective preventive/therapeutic strategies. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying BM-MSC therapy are largely unknown. We designed the present study to test the hypothesis that circulating platelets facilitate BM-MSC homing to the lung vasculature in a rat model of PAH induced by monocrotalin (MCT). A single subcutaneous administration of MCT induced a marked rise in right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and the weight ratio of right to left ventricle plus septum (RV/LV+S) 3 weeks after injection. The injection of MSCs via tail vein 3 days after MCT significantly reduced the increase of RVSP and RV/LV+S. The fluorescence-labeled MSCs injected into the PAH rat circulation were found mostly distributed in the lungs, particularly on the pulmonary vascular wall, whereas cell homing was abolished by an anti-P-selectin antibody and the GPIIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban. Furthermore, using an in vitro flow chamber, we demonstrated that MSC adhesion to the major extracellular matrix collagen was facilitated by platelets and their P-selectin and GPIIb/IIIa. Therefore, the current study suggested that platelet-mediated MSC homing prevented the aggravation of MCT-induced rat PAH, via P-selectin and GPIIb/IIIa-mediated mechanisms.

Keywords: Homing; Mesenchymal stem cells; Platelets; Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368912X640529

Affiliations: Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Publication date: July 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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