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Open Access Early Stage Foreign Body Reaction Against Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds Affects Tissue Regeneration During the Autologous Transplantation of Tissue-Engineered Cartilage in the Canine Model

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Abstract:

To overcome the weak points of the present cartilage regenerative medicine, we applied a porous scaffold for the production of tissue-engineered cartilage with a greater firmness and a 3D structure. We combined the porous scaffolds with atelocollagen to retain the cells within the porous body. We conducted canine autologous chondrocyte transplants using biodegradable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) or poly-DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) polymer scaffolds, and morphologically and biochemically evaluated the time course changes of the transplants. The histological findings showed that the tissue-engineered constructs using PLLA contained abundant cartilage 1, 2, and 6 months after transplantation. However, the PLGA constructs did not possess cartilage and could not maintain their shapes. Biochemical measurement of the proteoglycan and type II collagen also supported the superiority of PLLA. The biodegradation of PLGA progressed much faster than that of PLLA, and the PLGA had almost disappeared by 2 months. The degraded products of PLGA may evoke a more severe tissue reaction at this early stage of transplantation than PLLA. The PLLA scaffolds were suitable for cartilage tissue engineering under immunocompetent conditions, because of the retarded degradation properties and the decrease in the severe tissue reactions during the early stage of transplantation.

Keywords: Autologous chondrocyte transplantation; Biodegradable polymer; Canine; Tissue engineering

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368912X640574

Affiliations: Departments of Cartilage & Bone Regeneration (Fujisoft), Tokyo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Publication date: July 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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