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Open Access Correlation of Released HMGB1 Levels With the Degree of Islet Damage in Mice and Humans and With the Outcomes of Islet Transplantation in Mice

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Establishing reliable islet potency assay is a critical and unmet issue for clinical islet transplantation. Recently, we reported that islets contained high levels of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and damaged islets released HMGB1 in a mouse model. In this study, we hypothesized that the amount of released HMGB1 could reflect the degree of islet damage, and could predict the outcome of islet transplantation. Four groups of damaged mouse islets and three groups of damaged human islets were generated by hypoxic conditions. These islets were assessed by in vivo (transplantation) and in vitro (released HMGB1 levels, released C-peptide levels, PI staining, TUNEL staining, ATP/DNA, and glucose-stimulated insulin release test) assays. In addition, the ability of each assay to distinguish between noncured (n = 13) and cured (n = 7) mice was assessed. The curative rates of STZ-diabetic mice after receiving control, hypoxia-3h, hypoxia-6h, and hypoxia-24h mouse islets were 100%, 40%, 0%, and 0%, respectively. Only amounts of released HMGB1 and ratio of PI staining significant increased according to the degree of damages in both human and mouse islets. In terms of predictability of curing diabetic mice, amounts of released HMGB1 showed the best sensitivity (100%), specificity (100%), positive (100%), and negative predictive values (100%) among all the assays. The amount of released HMGB1 reflected the degree of islet damage and correlated with the outcome of islet transplantation in mice. Hence, released HMGB1 levels from islets should be a useful marker to evaluate the potency of isolated islets.

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Keywords: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1); Hypoxia; Islet; Potency assay; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX, USA

Publication date: 01 July 2012

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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