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Open Access LMP-420, a Small Molecular Inhibitor of TNF-α, Prolongs Islet Allograft Survival by Induction of Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling-1: Synergistic Effect With Cyclosporin-A

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Abstract:

Inflammatory insults following islet transplantation (ITx) hinders engraftment and long-term function of the transplanted (Tx) islets. Using a murine model of ITx, we determined the role of LMP-420, a novel TNF-α inhibitor, both individually and in combination with the immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CSA) in islet engraftment and survival. Diabetic C57BL/6 mice were Tx with 500 BALB/c islets under the kidney capsule. Four cohorts were used: LMP-420 only, CSA only, combination of LMP-420 and CSA (LMP+CSA), and control (n = 12 per cohort). Serial monitoring of blood glucose levels revealed that LMP+CSA (35 ± 5 days) prolonged stable blood insulin levels compared to control (6 ± 4 days). Immunohistology demonstrated that coadministration (LMP+CSA) results in a significant decrease in CD8+ T-cell infiltration (LMP+CSA: 31 ± 18 vs. control: 224 ± 51 cells, p < 0.001). Serum cytokine analysis revealed that LMP-420 administration resulted in an increase in the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 (2.5-fold), and a decrease in TNF-α (threefold) with no change in IL-2. However, coadministration resulted in a marked decrease in both IL-2 and TNF-α (threefold) along with increase in IL-10 (threefold). Coadministration also demonstrated increase of antiapoptotic SOCS-1 and Mn-SOD expression and significant reduction of donor-specific antibodies (p < 0.005). In conclusion, LMP-420 administration with CSA results in the upregulation of anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic mechanisms which facilitate islet allograft engraftment and survival.

Keywords: Cyclosporin A; Islet transplantation; LMP-420; Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α); Type 1 diabetes mellitus

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368911X637371

Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA 2: Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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