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Open Access Effects of Myeloablation, Peripheral Chimerism, and Whole-Body Irradiation on the Entry of Bone Marrow-Derived Cells Into the Brain

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Abstract:

Understanding how bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) enter the central nervous system (CNS) is critical for the development of therapies for brain-related disorders using hematopoietic stem cells. We investigated the brain damages and blood‐brain barrier (BBB) modification following either whole-body irradiation or a myeloablative chemotherapy regimen in mice, and the capacity for these treatments to induce the entry of BMDCs into the CNS. Neither treatment had a lasting effect on brain integrity and both were equally efficient at achieving myeloablation. Injection of bone marrow cells from green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic mice was able to completely repopulate the hematopoietic niche in the circulation and in hematopoietic organs (thymus and spleen). However, GFP+ cells only entered the brain following whole-body irradiation. We conclude that myeloablation, damages to the brain integrity, or the BBB and peripheral chimerism are not responsible for the entry of BMDCs into the CNS following irradiation.

Keywords: Bone marrow-derived cells; Central nervous sysem (CNS); Chemotherapy; Hematopoietic stem cell; Innate immunity; Irradiation; Microglia; Neuroimmunology

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368911X593154

Affiliations: Laboratory of Endocrinology and Genomics, CHUL Research Center and Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Qu├ębec, Canada

Publication date: 2012-06-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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