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Open Access Lessons From Genetically Altered Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs): Candidates for Improved MSC-Directed Myocardial Repair

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Abstract:

The regenerative and reparative potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) make them attractive candidates for numerous cell-directed therapies. The variant degree of tissue repair by transplanted MSCs has been assessed in several published reports. There are many gaps in the knowledge of MSC biology and the underlying reasons for their disparate effectiveness in tissue repair. This review examines successful preclinical models of MSC-directed repair, particularly of myocardial repair, in an attempt to shed light into the events dictating MSC therapeutic efficacy. The reparative advantage of genetically altered MSCs will be described. This overview will elucidate possible molecular mechanisms that can influence MSC engraftment, differentiation, self-renewal, and ultimately increase wound repair.

Keywords: Cell biology; Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); Self-renewal; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368911X612477

Affiliations: Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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