Skip to main content

Open Access In Situ Cardiomyogenic Differentiation of Implanted Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells by Local Delivery of Transforming Growth Factor-β1

Download Article:
(HTML 61.220703125 kb)
(PDF 5720.8359375 kb)


Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) can be used to treat patients with myocardial infarction, since BMMNCs can differentiate in vitro toward cardiomyogenic lineages when treated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). However, the in vitro cardiomyogenic differentiation culture process is costly and laborious, and the patients should wait during the culture period. In this study, we hypothesize that BMMNCs implanted in cardiomyogenically undifferentiated state to myocardial infarction site would differentiate cardiomyogenically in situ when exogenous TGF-β1 is delivered to the cell implantation site. Heparin-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanospheres (HCPNs) suspended in fibrin gel were used as a TGF-β1 delivery system. BMMNCs were labeled with a green fluorescent dye (PKH67) and implanted into the infarction border zone of rat myocardium using fibrin gel containing HCPNs and TGF-β1. BMMNC implantation using fibrin gel and HCPNs without TGF-β1 served as a control. Four weeks after implantation, the expression of cardiomyogenic marker proteins by the implanted BMMNCs was dramatically greater in the TGF-β1 delivery group than in the control group. This method can significantly improve the stem cell therapy technology for myocardial regeneration, since it can remove in vitro cell culture step for cardiomyogenic differentiation prior to cell implantation.

Keywords: Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs); Cardiomyogenic differentiation; Myocardial infarction; Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Bioengineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Publication date: 2012-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more