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Open Access Tissue Factor Knockdown in Porcine Islets: An Effective Approach to Suppressing the Instant Blood-Mediated Inflammatory Reaction

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Tissue factor (TF) expression on islets has been shown to trigger instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR), leading to rapid islet loss in portal vein islet transplantation. This study investigated whether antisense RNA-mediated TF gene knockdown in islets could suppress IBMIR as a strategy to overcome IBMIR. Neonatal porcine islet cell clusters (NICCs) were transfected with or without TF-specific antisense RNA or a nonspecific RNA by a lipid-based method. Expression of both TF gene and protein in NICCs was analyzed after transfection by real-time PCR, Western blot, and FACS, respectively. The impact of antisense RNA transfection on NICC viability and in vitro function was examined by FACS and insulin release test, respectively. The effect of TF knockdown in NICCs on IBMIR was assessed with an in vitro tubing loop assay using human blood. A significant reduction in TF gene and protein expression was achieved in TF antisense RNA but not control RNA transfected NICCs, which did not affect NICCs' viability or their insulin secreting capacity. Incubation of TF antisense RNA transfected with human blood resulted in a considerable reduction in blood clot formation, platelet consumption, and complement and coagulation activation compared to that observed in the loops containing human blood and untreated or control RNA transfected NICCs. Consistent with these findings, infiltrating neutrophils in the blood clots with entrapped TF antisense RNA transfected NICCs was also reduced substantially compared to that seen in the clots containing untreated or control RNA transfected NICCs. This study presents a nontoxic TF antisense RNA-mediated TF knockdown in porcine islets that leads to an effective suppression of IBMIR, suggesting a potentially new strategy to improve islet transplantation outcomes.

Keywords: Antisense RNA transfection; Gene knockdown; Instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR); Islet transplantation; Porcine islets; Tissue factor

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Cell Transplantation and Gene Therapy Institute, The Third Xiang Ya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China

Publication date: 2012-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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