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Open Access Evaluation of Viable β-Cell Mass Is Useful for Selecting Collagenase for Human Islet Isolation: Comparison of Collagenase NB1 and Liberase HI

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Abstract:

The selection of enzyme blend is critical for the success of human islet isolations. Liberase HI collagenase (Roche) was introduced in the 1990s and had been widely used for clinical islet transplantation. More recently, a blend collagenase NB1 has been rendered available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the isolation outcomes and islet quality comparing human islet cells processed using NB1 and Liberase HI. A total of 90 isolations processed using NB1 (n = 40) or Liberase HI (n = 50) was retrospectively analyzed. Islet yield, function in vitro and in vivo, cellular (including β-cell-specific) viability and content, as well as isolation-related factors were compared. No significant differences in donor-related factors were found between the groups. There were also no significant differences in islet yields (NB1 vs. Liberase: 263,389 ± 21,550 vs. 324,256 ± 27,192 IEQ; p = n.s., respectively). The pancreata processed with NB1 showed a significantly longer digestion time (18.6 ± 0.7 vs. 14.5 ± 0.5 min, p < 0.01), lower β-cell viability (54.3 ± 3.4% vs. 72.0 ± 2.1%, p < 0.01), β-cell mass (93,671 ± 11,150 vs. 148,961 ± 12,812 IEQ, p < 0.01), and viable β-cell mass (47,317 ± 6,486 vs. 106,631 ± 10,228 VβIEQ, p < 0.01) than Liberase HI. In addition, islets obtained with Liberase showed significantly better graft function in in vivo assessment of islet potency. The utilization of collagenase NB1 in human islet isolation was associated with significantly lower β-cell viability, mass, and islet potency in vivo in our series when compared to Liberase HI, even though there was no significant difference in islet yields between the groups. Evaluation of viable β-cell mass contained in human islet preparations will be useful for selecting enzyme blends.

Keywords: Cell viability; Collagenase; Islet; Isolation; Nude mice; Potency; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368911X582732

Affiliations: Cell Transplant Center, Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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