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Open Access Human CD47 Expression Permits Survival of Porcine Cells in Immunodeficient Mice That Express SIRPα Capable of Binding to Human CD47

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Signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) is a critical immune inhibitory receptor on macrophages, and its interaction with CD47 prevents autologous phagocytosis. We have previously shown that pig CD47 does not interact with human SIRPα, and that human CD47 expression inhibits phagocytosis of porcine cells by human macrophages in vitro. In this study, we have investigated the potential of human CD47 expression to promote porcine cell survival in vivo. Human CD47-expressing and control porcine B-lymphoma cells were transplanted into T- and B-cell-deficient nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice that express SIRPα capable of interacting with human CD47. Only the human CD47-expressing porcine lymphoma cells survived and were able to form tumors in NOD/SCID mice; however, both the control and human CD47-expressing porcine cells survived in macrophage-depleted NOD/SCID mice. These results indicate that transgenic expression of human CD47 may provide an effective approach to inhibiting macrophage-mediated xenograft rejection in clinical xenotransplantation.

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Keywords: CD47; Macrophage; Pig; Signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα); Xenotransplantation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China

Publication date: 2011-11-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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