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Open Access Injection Parameters Affect Cell Viability and Implant Volumes in Automated Cell Delivery for the Brain

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The technique of central nervous system cell implantation can affect the outcome of preclinical or clinical studies. Our goal was to evaluate the impact of various injection parameters that may be of consequence during the delivery of solute-suspended cells. These parameters included (1) the type and concentration of cells used for implantation, (2) the rate at which cells are injected (flow rate), (3) the acceleration of the delivery device, (4) the period of time between cell loading and injection into the CNS (delay), and (5) the length and gauge of the needle used to deliver the cells. Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were injected an automated device. These parameters were assessed in relation to their effect on the volume of cells injected and cell viability. Longer and thinner cannulae and higher cell concentrations were detrimental for cell delivery. Devices and techniques that optimize these parameters should be of benefit.

Keywords: Brain; Cell transplantation; Stem cell; Stroke

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Publication date: 2011-11-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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