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Open Access Functional Modulation of Choroid Plexus Epithelial Clusters In Vitro for Tissue Repair Applications

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Abstract:

One of the primary obstacles in the restoration or repair of damaged tissues is the temporospatial orchestration of biological and physiological events. Cellular transplantation is an important component of tissue repair as grafted cells can serve as replacement cells or as a source of secreted factors. But few, if any, primary cells can perform more than a single tissue repair function. Epithelial cells, derived from the choroid plexus (CP), are an exception to this rule, as transplanted CP is protective and regenerative in animal models as diverse as CNS degeneration and dermal wound repair. They secrete a myriad of proteins with therapeutic potential as well as matrix and adhesion factors, and contain responsive cytoskeletal components potentially capable of precise manipulation of cellular and extracellular niches. Here we isolated CP from neonatal porcine lateral ventricles and cultured the cells under a variety of conditions to specifically modulate tissue morphology (2D vs. 3D) and protein expression. Using qRT-PCR analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and gene microarray studies we demonstrate a fine level of control over CP epithelial cell clusters opening further opportunities for exploration of the therapeutic potential of this unique tissue source.

Keywords: 3D culture; Choroid plexus (CP); Growth factors; Neuroprotection; Spheroid; Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368911X564985

Affiliations: CytoSolv, Inc., Providence, RI, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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