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Open Access Alterations of the Female Reproductive System in Islet Recipient Receiving Immunosuppression

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Pancreatic islet allotransplantation is an option for patients with unstable type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Major improvements in islet isolation techniques and the implementation of steroid-free immunosuppressive regimens can maintain insulin independence in the majority of T1DM for at least 1 year after transplantation. Recent studies have emphasized the impact of sirolimus on female reproductive tract. In this communication we report on the alterations of the female reproductive tract in 18 chronically immunosuppressed patients with T1DM following allogenic islet transplantation. Previous research has shown development of ovarian cysts in islet transplant patients receiving sirolimus. We extensively reevaluated this and other possible side effects on the female reproductive system. These side effects have been underestimated, although they are significant, requiring surgical or intensive medical treatment. Pre- and posttransplant gynecological evaluation should be performed to address the development of complications secondary to sirolimus in order to intervene sooner with alternative therapies.

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Keywords: Immunosuppression; Islet transplantation; Reproductive system; Sirolimus; Type 1 diabetes

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Diabetes Research Institute, Miami, FL, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA

Publication date: 2011-10-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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