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Open Access Improving Efficacy of Clinical Islet Transplantation With Iodixanol-Based Islet Purification, Thymoglobulin Induction, and Blockage of IL-1β and TNF-α

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Poor efficacy is one of the issues for clinical islet transplantation. Recently, we demonstrated that pancreatic ductal preservation significantly improved the success rate of islet isolation; however, two transplants were necessary to achieve insulin independence. In this study, we introduced iodixanol-based purification, thymoglobulin induction, and double blockage of IL-1β and TNF-α as well as sirolimus-free immunosuppression to improve the efficacy of clinical islet transplantation. Nine clinical-grade human pancreata were procured. Pancreatic ductal preservation was performed using ET-Kyoto solution in all cases. When the isolated islets met the clinical criteria, they were transplanted. We utilized two methods of immunosuppression and anti-inflammation. The first protocol prescribed daclizumab for induction, then sirolimus and tacrolimus to maintain immunosuppression. The second protocol used thymoglobulin for induction and tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil to maintain immunosuppression. Eternacept and anakinra were administered as anti-inflammatory drugs. The total amount of insulin required, HbA1c, and the SUITO index were determined to analyze and compare the results of transplantation. All isolated islet preparations (9/9) met the criteria for clinical transplantation, and they were transplanted into six type 1 diabetic patients. All patients achieved insulin independence with normal HbA1c levels; however, the first protocol required two islet infusions (N = 3) and the second protocol only required a single infusion (N = 3). The average SUITO index, at 1 month after a single-donor islet transplantation, was significantly higher in the second protocol (49.6 ± 8.3 vs. 19.3 ± 6.3, p < 0.05). Pancreatic ductal preservation, iodixanol-based purification combined with thymoglobulin induction, and blockage of IL-1β and TNF-α as well as sirolimus-free immunosuppression dramatically improved the efficacy of clinical islet transplantations. This protocol enabled us to perform successful single-donor islet transplantations. Further large-scale studies are necessary to confirm these results and clarify the mechanism of each component.

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Keywords: Interleukin-1β (IL-1β); Islet transplantationl; Single donor; Thymoglobulin; Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Baylor All Saints Islet Cell Laboratory, Fort Worth, TX, USA

Publication date: 2011-10-01

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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