The efficiency of hepatocyte transplantation into the liver varies with the method of administration. This study investigated whether retrograde infusion via the hepatic vein provides a sufficient number of donor cells for the liver. Donor hepatocytes were isolated from dipeptidyl peptidase
IV (DPPIV+) rats and transplanted into DPPIV− rat livers either by antegrade portal vein infusion or retrograde hepatic vein infusion. Hepatocyte engraftment ratios and localization were evaluated by histological DPPIV enzymatic staining at 1 week and 8 weeks after
the transplantation. No significant differences in engraftment efficiency were observed at either 1 week or 8 weeks after transplantation by either route. However, the localization of the transplanted hepatocytes differed with the administration route. Portal vein infusion resulted in predominantly
periportal engraftment, whereas hepatic vein infusion led to pericentral zone engraftment. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the transplanted hepatocytes engrafted in the pericentral zone after retrograde infusion displayed intense CYP2E1 staining similar to the surrounding native hepatocytes.
CYP2E1 staining was further enhanced by administration of isosafrole, an inducing agent for various cytochrome P450 enzymes, including CYP2E1. This study demonstrates a novel approach of transplanting hepatocytes into the liver through retrograde hepatic vein infusion as the means to target
cell implantation to the pericentral zone.
Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.