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Open Access A Meta-Analysis for Comparison of the Two-Layer and University of Wisconsin Pancreas Preservation Methods in Islet Transplantation

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Conflicting results have been reported on the effectiveness of the two-layer method (TLM) compared with the University of Wisconsin (UW) method for preserving pancreata. The objective of this study was to compile the evidence for or against any difference in human islet yield and viability between these two. PubMed (January 2000 to May 2008) and Cochran Library searches were performed and 17 studies were included for the meta-analysis. Data on donor characteristics, preservation time, and outcomes were abstracted. Studies were subgrouped based on how TLM was used (UW + TLM or TLM alone), on mean cold ischemic time (CIT) (>20 h or <20 h), and on whether special chemical was used (yes or no). Meta-analysis of all studies and subgroups was performed and the pooled standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported. Overall, the use of TLM significantly increased islet yield [SMD, 0.74 (0.44‐1.04)] and viability [SMD, 0.63 (0.14‐1.12)]. The beneficial effects of TLM on islet yield were more evident when TLM was used following UW storage or when prolonged CIT was used. TLM used alone, shorter CIT, and no chemical use all resulted in similar islet viability between TLM and UW groups. Beneficial effects of TLM on islet viability were demonstrated only when TLM was used following UW storage, or with prolonged CIT, or with chemical use. In conclusion, the TLM was beneficial for prolonged pancreas preservation before human islet isolation; however, benefit of the TLM for short-term preservation was not clear.
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Keywords: Meta-analysis; Pancreas preservation; Two-layer method; University of Wisconsin solution

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute for Health Care Research and Improvement, Baylor Health Care System, Dallas, TX, USA

Publication date: 2011-07-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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