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Open Access In Vivo Induction of Myeloid Suppressor Cells and CD4+Foxp3+ T Regulatory Cells Prolongs Skin Allograft Survival in Mice

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Natural CD4+Foxp3+ T regulatory (Treg) cells can promote transplantation acceptance across major histocompatibility complex (MHC) barriers, while myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) inhibit effector T-cell responses in tumor-bearing mice. One outstanding issue is whether combining the potent suppressive function of MDSCs with that of Treg cells might synergistically favor graft tolerance. In the present study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of MDSCs and natural Treg cells in promoting allograft tolerance in mice by utilizing immunomodulatory agents to expand these cells in vivo. Upon administration of recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF; Neupogen), or interleukin-2 complex (IL-2C), Gr-1+CD11b+ MDSCs or CD4+Foxp3+ Treg cells were respectively induced at a high frequency in the peripheral lymphoid compartments of treated mice. Interestingly, induced MDSCs exhibited a more potent suppressive function in vitro when compared to MDSCs from naive mice. Furthermore, in vivo coadministration of Neupogen and IL-2C induced MDSCs at percentages that were higher than those seen when either agent was administered alone, suggesting an additive effect of the two drugs. Although treatment with either IL-2C or Neupogen led to a significant delay of MHC class II disparate allogeneic donor skin rejection, the combinatorial treatment was superior to either alone. Importantly, histological assessment of surviving grafts revealed intact morphology and minimal infiltrates at 60 days posttransplant. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that concurrent induction of MDSCs and Tregs is efficacious in downmodulating alloreactive T-cell responses in a synergistic manner and highlight the therapeutic potential of these naturally occurring suppressive leukocytes to promote transplantation tolerance.
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Keywords: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs); Suppression; Tolerance; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Diabetes Research Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA

Publication date: 2011-06-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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