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Open Access Cotransplantation of Mouse Neural Stem Cells (mNSCs) With Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Improves mNSC Survival in a Rat Spinal Cord Injury Model

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Abstract:

The low survival rate of graft stem cells after transplantation into recipient tissue is a major obstacle for successful stem cell therapy. After transplantation into the site of spinal cord injury, the stem cells face not only hypoxia due to low oxygen conditions, but also a lack of nutrients caused by damaged tissues and poor vascular supply. To improve the survival of therapeutic stem cells after grafting into the injured spinal cord, we examined the effects of cotransplanting mouse neural stem cells (mNSCs) and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) on mNSC viability. The viability of mNSCs in coculture with AT-MSCs was significantly increased compared to mNSCs alone in an in vitro injury model using serum deprivation (SD), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and combined (SD + H2O2) injury mimicking the ischemic environment of the injured spinal cord. We demonstrated that AT-MSCs inhibited the apoptosis of mNSCs in SD, H2O2, and combined injury models. Consistent with these in vitro results, mNSCs transplanted into rat spinal cords with AT-MSCs showed better survival rates than mNSCs transplanted alone. These findings suggest that cotransplantation of mNSCs with AT-MSCs may be a more effective transplantation protocol to improve the survival of cells transplanted into the injured spinal cord.

Keywords: Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs); Mouse neural stem cells (mNSCs); Spinal cord injury

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X539083

Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery, Spine & Spinal Cord Institute, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Publication date: June 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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