Open Access Amniotic Fluid as a Rich Source of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Transplantation Therapy

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Abstract:

Stem cells isolated from amniotic fluid are known to be able to differentiate into different cells types, thus being considered as a powerful tool for cellular therapy of different human diseases. In the last 4 years, amniotic fluid-derived stem (AFS) cells have been shown to express embryonic and adult stem cell markers. These cells can be considered an intermediate stage between embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. AFS cells can give rise to adipogenic, osteogenic, myogenic, endothelial, neurogenic, and hepatic lineages, inclusive of all embryonic germ layers. AFS cells have a high renewal capacity and can be expanded for over 250 doublings without any detectable loss of chromosomal telomere length. Taken together, all these data provide evidence that amniotic fluid represents a new and very promising source of stem cells for research, as well as clinical applications. Certainly stem cells from amniotic fluid will be useful both for a customized cell supply for newly born children and for banking cells to be used for therapeutic cell transplantation in immunogically matched recipients. Further investigations are also warranted to fully explore the amniotic cells' potential for adult human disorders.

Keywords: Human disorders; Placenta; Stem cells; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X539074

Affiliations: Biomedical Science, Chieti University and Stem TeCh Group, Aging Research Center (CESI), Chieti, Italy

Publication date: June 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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