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Open Access Novel Cell Culture Model Using Pure Hydrostatic Pressure and a Semipermeable Membrane Pouch

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Abstract:

Cell constructs and culture methods are essential tools in tissue engineering. The cell construct should be equivalent to the native cartilage it is intended to replace. Thus, three-dimensional cell constructs are usually composed of a high density of cells and dense extracellular matrix. However, dense constructs suffer from a lack of passive nutrient supply, gas exchange, and removal of degraded debris. We have developed a novel hydrostatic pressure/perfusion culture system that improves the quality of neo-tissues, providing an automated and affordable system for clinical applications. We have also developed a semipermeable membrane pouch that contains a fragile amorphous cell carrier. Although amorphous material is difficult to handle, it is a useful medium in which to deliver cells to the desired site via injection. We evaluated phenotypes of bovine articular chondrocytes embedded in a collagen type I gel enclosed within membrane pouches permeable to molecules of various sizes. Constant or cyclic hydrostatic pressure was externally applied to the medium phase with a new culture system. Accumulation of cartilage specific matrix was promoted with a 500-kDa cutoff membrane pouch and cyclic hydrostatic pressure at 0.5 MPa, 0.5 Hz. This new method will be useful in the delivery of engineered cells to a desired tissue in regenerative medicine.

Keywords: Cell culture method; Chondrocytes; Hydrostatic pressure; Semipermeable membrane pouch; Tissue engineering

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368910X536608

Publication date: 2011-05-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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