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Open Access Enhancement of Wound Healing by Human Multipotent Stromal Cell Conditioned Medium: The Paracrine Factors and p38 MAPK Activation

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Abstract:

Wound healing can be improved by transplanting mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In this study, we have demonstrated the benefits of the conditioned medium derived from human MSCs (CM-MSC) in wound healing using an excisional wound model. CM-MSC accelerated wound closure with increased reepithelialization, cell infiltration, granulation formation, and angiogenesis. Notably, CM-MSC enhanced epithelial and endothelial cell migration, suggesting the contribution of increased cell migration to wound healing enhanced by CM-MSC. Cytokine array, ELISA analysis, and quantitative RT-PCR revealed high levels of IL-6 in CM-MSC. Moreover, IL-6 added to the preconditioned medium enhanced both cell migration and wound healing, and antibodies against IL-6 blocked the increase in cell motility and wound closure by CM-MSC. The IL-6 secretory pathway of MSCs was inhibited by SB203580, an inhibitor of p38 MAPK or siRNA against p38 MAPK, suggesting IL-6 secretion by MSCs is mediated through the activation of p38 MAPK. Inactivation of p38 MAPK also reduced the expression and production of IL-8 and CXCL1 by MSCs, both of which were also demonstrated to enhance cell migration and wound closure. Thus, our data suggest MSCs promote wound healing through releasing a repertoire of paracrine factors via activation of p38 MAPK, and the CM-MSC may be applied to enhance wound healing.

Keywords: Conditioned medium; Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); Paracrine factors; Wound healing; p38 MAPK

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X550198

Publication date: May 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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