Open Access In Vitro Differentiated Adult Human Liver Progenitor Cells Display Mature Hepatic Metabolic Functions: A Potential Tool for In Vitro Pharmacotoxicological Testing

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Abstract:

The potential use of stem/progenitor cells as alternative cell sources to mature hepatocytes remains basically dependent on their ability to exhibit some, if not all, the metabolic liver functions. In the current study, four major liver functions were investigated in adult derived human liver stem/progenitor cell (ADHLSCs) populations submitted to in vitro hepatogenic differentiation: gluconeogenesis, ammonia detoxification, and activity of phase I and phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes. These acquired hepatic activities were compared to those of primary adult human hepatocytes, the standard reference. Amino acid content was also investigated after hepatogenic differentiation. Differentiated ADHLSCs display higher de novo synthesis of glucose correlated to an increased activity of glucose-6 phosphatase and mRNA expression of key related enzymes. Differentiated ADHLSCs are also able to metabolize ammonium chloride and to produce urea. This was correlated to an increase in the mRNA expression of relevant key enzymes such arginase. With respect to drug metabolism, differentiated ADHLSCs express mRNAs of all the major cytochromes investigated, among which the CYP3A4 isoform (the most important drug-metabolizing enzyme). Such increased expression is correlated to an enhanced phase I activity as independently demonstrated using fluorescence-based assays. Phase II enzyme activity and amino acid levels also show a significant enhancement in differentiated ADHLSCs. The current study, according to data independently obtained in different labs, demonstrates that in vitro differentiated ADHLSCs are able to display advanced liver metabolic functions supporting the possibility to develop them as potential alternatives to primary hepatocytes for in vitro settings.
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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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