Open Access An Overview of Concepts for Cancer Stem Cells

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Abstract:

For many years, cancer research has focused on the adult stem cells present in malignant tumors. It is believed that current cancer treatments sometimes fail because they do not target these cells. According to classic models of carcinogenesis, these events can occur in any cell. In contrast, the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis states that the preferential targets of oncogenic transformation are tissue stem cells or early progenitor cells that have acquired the potential for self-renewal. These tumor-initiating cells, or CSCs, in turn, are characterized by their ability to undergo self-renewal, a process that drives tumorigenesis and differentiation, which contributes to the cellular heterogeneity of tumors. Herein, we discuss the definitions and properties of CSCs in the major human cancers.

Keywords: Adult stem cells; Cancer stem cell (CSC); Self-renewal; Tumor-initiating cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X532837

Affiliations: Genetic Center, Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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