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Stem cells are capable of self-renewal and differentiation into a wide range of cell types with multiple clinical therapeutic applications. The two most important issues associated with embryonic stem (ES) cells are immune rejection and medical ethics. In 2006, induced pluripotent (iPS) cells were generated from somatic cells via the introduction of four transcriptional factors: OCT4, SOX2, c-MYC, and KLF4. Researchers found that iPS cell morphology, proliferation, surface antigens, gene expression, telomerase activity, and the epigenetic status of pluripotent cell-specific genes were similar to the same characteristics in ES cells. iPS cells are capable of overcoming hurdles associated with ES cells due to their generation from mature somatic cells (e.g., fibroblasts). For this reason, iPS cells are considered an increasingly important cell therapy technology. iPS cell production entails the use of retroviruses, lentiviruses, adenoviruses, plasmid transfections, transposons, or recombinant proteins. In this article we discuss the advantages and limitations of each strategy and address issues associated with clinical trials, including the potential for liver tumor formation and low generation efficiency.
Center for Neuropsychiatry, China Medical University and Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.