β-Cell replacement therapy via islet transplantation is an effective treatment for diabetes mellitus, but its widespread use is severely limited by the shortage of donor organs. Because pancreatic stem/progenitor cells are abundantly available in the pancreas of these patients
and in donor organs, the cells could become a useful target for β-cell replacement therapy. We previously established a mouse pancreatic stem cell line without genetic manipulation. In this study, we used the techniques to identify and isolate human pancreatic stem/progenitor cells. The
cells from a duct-rich population were cultured in 23 kinds of culture media, based on media for mouse pancreatic stem cells or for human embryonic stem cells. The cells in serum-free media formed “cobblestone” morphologies, similar to a mouse pancreatic stem cell line. On the
other hand, the cells in serum-containing medium and the medium for human embryonic stem cells formed “fibroblast-like” morphologies. The cells divided actively until day 30, and the population doubling level (PDL) was 6‐10. However, the cells stopped dividing after 30 days
in any culture conditions. During the cultures, the nucleus/cytoplasm (N/C) ratio decreased, suggesting that the cells entered senescence. Exendin-4 treatment and transduction of PDX-1 and NeuroD proteins by protein transduction technology into the cells induced insulin and pancreas-related
gene expression. Although the duplications of these cells were limited, this approach could provide a potential new source of insulin-producing cells for transplantation.
No Supplementary Data.
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Human pancreatic progenitor cell;
Protein transduction domain
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 June 2010
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