Open Access Establishment of an Immortalized Porcine Liver Cell Line JSNK-1 With Retroviral Transduction of SV40T

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Abstract:

Maintenance of freshly isolated porcine liver cells in vitro is limited for a short period of time. Therefore, establishment of easy handling cell lines is extremely important for in vitro study for liver cells and their possible utilization for cell differentiation and growth of stem cells. Porcine liver cells were transduced with a retroviral vector SSR#69 expressing SV40T, one of SSR#69-immortalized porcine liver cell lines, JSNK-1, was established and characterized. Morphology of JSNK-1 cells was spindle shaped. When the cells became confluent, JSNK-1 cells revealed hills-and-valleys pattern. In the presence of vitamin A, JSNK-1 cells showed big droplets inside the cytoplasm, which were positive with PAS staining. JSNK-1 cells showed the gene expression of collagen type 1α1, collagen type 1α2, FLT-1, -actin, and SV40T. Immunostaining study revealed that JSNK-1 cells produced collagen, vimentin, and α-smooth muscle actin. JSNK-1 cells possessed the characteristics of the liver stellate cells. JSNK-1 cells produced hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in a time-dependent manner. When cocultured with iPS cells towards the hepatic differentiation, JSNK-1 cells facilitated their hepatic differentiation in terms of albumin production. In conclusion, JSNK-1 cells would be valuable in the study of liver stellate cell pathophysiology and contribute to the optimization of hepatic differentiation of iPS cells.

Keywords: Immortalization; Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells; Porcine liver cells; SV40T; Stellate cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X508979

Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Transplant and Surgical Oncology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2010

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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