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Open Access Brain Death in Combination With Warm Ischemic Stress During Isolation Procedures Induces the Expression of Crucial Inflammatory Mediators in the Isolated Islets

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Tissue factor (TF) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expressed on the islets have been identified as the main trigger of the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR) in islet transplantation. Because the key steps that directly induce TF and MCP-1 remain to be determined, we focused on the influence of brain death (BD) on TF and MCP-1 expression in the pancreatic tissues and isolated islets using a rodent model. TF and MCP-1 mRNA levels in the pancreatic tissues were similar between the BD and the control group. However, TF and MCP-1 mRNA in the fresh islets of the BD group were significantly higher than that of the control group (p < 0.01). BD may thus be suggested to be of great importance as an initiator of TF and MCP-1 induction in the isolated islets. Furthermore, the upregulation of crucial inflammatory mediators induced by BD could be exacerbated by warm ischemic damage during digestion procedures. In the present study, the islet yield and purity were affected by BD. However, almost no influences were observed with respect to islet viability, indicating that the expression of inflammatory mediators rather than islet viability is more susceptible to BD. According to the change in time course of TF and MCP-1 expression in the isolated islets, the selected time point for islet infusion in current clinical islet transplantation was thus shown to be at its worst level, at least with respect to the damage caused by BD and ischemic stress. In conclusion, BD in combination with warm ischemic stress during isolation procedures induces a high expression of TF and MCP-1 in the isolated islets. In order to reduce the expression of crucial inflammatory mediators in the islet grafts, the management of the pancreas from brain-dead donors with early anti-inflammatory treatments is thus warranted.

Keywords: Brain death; Islets; Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1); Tissue factor (TF); Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Division of Advanced Surgical Science and Technology, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2010

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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