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Open Access Improved Yield and Functional Parameters of Rat Pancreas Islets Isolated Under Intramuscular Anesthesia

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Abstract:

Intraperitoneal (IP) anesthesia is commonly used for laboratory animal experiments including rat islet isolation. However, the direct effects of anesthetics on pancreatic islets have been neglected. This study compared the islet function and recovery yield from rats that were anesthetized using IP and intramuscular (IM) injection. In addition, the lag time required to lose deep pain was measured in the following anesthetics combinations. Lewis rats were anesthetized using ketamine and xylazine (K/X) or zoletil and xylazine (Z/X). A glucose challenge test was performed on each group of prepared islets. The effect of the anesthetic agents (e.g., ketamine, zoletil, xylazine alone, and the combination of K/X and Z/X) on cell lines (rat insulinoma; RIN-5F) was investigated by determining their effect on the cell viability, the amount of insulin, and insulin mRNA expression levels of RIN-5F. The time needed for deep anesthesia in IM anesthesia was significantly shortened in comparison to IP [K/X (IM: 313 ± 66 s, IP: 371 ± 84 s) and Z/X (IM: 206 ± 76 s, IP: 245 ± 92 s)]. In addition, number of isolated islet yield by IM anesthesia was significantly improved [K/X (IM: 1530 ± 242, IP: 1245 ± 149) and Z/X (IM: 1136 ± 226, IP: 511 ± 154)]. The functions of fresh islets, indicated by the stimulation index, acquired under IM anesthesia was better preserved than that of IP. The viability and the insulin secretion of RIN-5F were decreased at 24 and 48 h. Insulin gene expression levels were decreased at 24 h as well. Anesthetics may be absorbed through the pancreas surface to the islets and have a direct effect, resulting in islet exposure and deterioration during isolation. In conclusion, for rodent islet isolation, IM anesthesia is simpler and safer in comparison to IP anesthesia.

Keywords: Intramuscular anesthesia; Intraperitoneal anesthesia; RIN-5F; Rat islet

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X508843

Affiliations: The Research Institute for Transplantation, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea

Publication date: June 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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