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Open Access Polyampholytes as Cryoprotective Agents for Mammalian Cell Cryopreservation

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Cryoprotective agents (CPAs) such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), glycerol, ethylene glycol, and propylene glycol have been used for the cryopreservation of cells and tissues. DMSO is the most effective CPA but shows high cytotoxicity and can effect differentiation. -Poly-L-lysine (PLL) derivatives show higher cryopreservation efficiency than the conventional CPAs. Culture medium solutions with 7.5 w/w% of PLL whose amino groups of more than 50 mol% were converted to carboxyl groups by succinic anhydride showed higher postthaw survival efficiency of L929 cells than those of current CPAs without the addition of any proteins. In addition, rat mesenchymal stem cells were cryopreserved more effectively than with DMSO and fully retained the potential for proliferation and differentiation. Furthermore, many kinds of cells could be cryopreserved with PLL having the appropriate ratio of COOH groups, regardless of the cell types, including adhesive and floating cells, human- and mouse-derived cells, primary cells, and established cell lines. The properties might be associated with the antifreeze protein properties. These results indicate that these polymeric extracellular CPAs may replace current CPAs and the high viability after thawing and nonnecessity of serum ensure that these CPAs may be used in various preservation fields.

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Keywords: Antifreeze protein; Cryopreservation; Dimethyl sulfoxide; Mesenchymal stem cell; Poly-lysine

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Medical Simulation Engineering,Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Publication date: 2010-06-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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